Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay In English Wikipedia Download

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA)

India + Cleanliness

Slogan

एक कदम स्वच्छता की ओर

One step towards cleanliness
CountryIndia
Prime Minister(s)Narendra Modi
LaunchedRaj ghat, 2 October 2014; 3 years ago (2014-10-02)
StatusActive
Websiteswachhbharat.mygov.in

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) (or Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) or Clean India Mission in English) is a campaign in India that aims to clean up the streets, roads and infrastructure of India's cities, smaller towns, and rural areas. The objectives of Swachh Bharat include eliminating open defecation through the construction of household-owned and community-owned toilets and establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring toilet use. Run by the Government of India, the mission aims to achieve an Open-Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2 October 2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing 90 million toilets in rural India at a projected cost of ₹1.96 lakh crore (US$30 billion).[1] The mission will also contribute to India reaching Sustainable Development Goal Number 6 (SDG 6).

The campaign was officially launched on 2 October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It is India's largest cleanliness drive to date with 3 million government employees, school students, and college students from all parts of India participating in 4,041 statutory cities, towns and associated rural areas.

The mission contains two sub-missions: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan ("Gramin" or rural), which operates under the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation; and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Urban), which operates under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.[2][3][4][5]

The mission includes ambassadors and activities such as national real-time monitoring and updates from non-governmental organizations (NGOs) such as The Ugly Indian, Waste Warriors and SWaCH Pune (Solid Waste Collection and Handling) that are working towards its ideas of Swachh Bharat.[6]

History[edit]

Launch[edit]

Further information: Sanitation in India

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan campaign, launched on 2 October 2014, aims to eradicate open defecation by 2 October 2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing 90 million toilets in rural India at a projected cost of ₹1.96 lakhcrore (US$30 billion).[1][7][8] The national campaign spans 4,041 statutory cities and towns.[9][10] conceived in March 2014 at a sanitation conference organised by UNICEF India and the Indian Institute of Technology as part of the larger Total Sanitation Campaign, which the Indian government launched in 1999.[11]

Previous sanitation campaigns[edit]

On 1 April 1999, the Government of India restructured the Comprehensive Rural Sanitation Programme and launched the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) which was later (on 1 April 2012) renamed "Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan" by then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.[12][13][14] A limited randomized study of eighty villages in rural (Madhya Pradesh) showed that the TSC programme did modestly increase the number of households with latrines, and had a small effect in reducing open defecation. However, there was no improvement in the health of children."[15][16]

The earlier "Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan" rural sanitation program was hampered by the unrealistic approach.[17][18][19] Consequently, Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan was restructured by Cabinet approval on 24 September 2014 as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.[10]

Structure[edit]

Finance[edit]

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is expected to cost over ₹620 billion (US$9.5 billion).[5][20] The government provides an incentive of ₹15,000 (US$230) for each toilet constructed by a BPL family.[1] An amount of ₹90 billion (US$1.4 billion) was allocated for the mission in the 2016 Union budget of India.[9][21]International Monetary Fund provided a US$1.5 billion loan and $25 million in technical assistance in 2016 for the Swachh Bharat Mission to support India's universal sanitation initiation.[8] The programme has also received funds and technical support from the World Bank, corporations as part of corporate social responsibility initiatives, and by state governments under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan schemes.[7]

Activities[edit]

Planned initiatives[edit]

The Government appointed PWD with the responsibility to dispose off waste from Government offices.[22] The Ministry of Railways planned to have the facility of cleaning on demand, clean bed-rolls from automatic laundries, bio-toilets, dustbins in all non-AC coaches.[23] The Centre will use its Digital India project in conjunction with the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to have solar-powered trash cans, which send alerts to sanitation crew once they are full.[24] The Swachh Bharat Swachh Vidyalaya campaign was launched by Smriti Irani, of the Minister of Human Resource Development, Government of India by participating in the cleanliness drive along with the school's teachers and students.[25][26]

Promotional campaigns[edit]

Selected public figures[edit]

Prime Minister Modi selected following public figures to propagate this campaign.[27][28] They are:

Anushka Sharma and the Vice President of India M V Naidu picked up a broom to help clean the cyclone-hit port city of Visakhapatnam, in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh, as part of the cleanliness campaign.[29][30]

Brand Ambassadors[edit]

On 2 October 2014, Prime Minister Modi nominated following people as Brand Ambassador:

He also nominated a number of organisations, including the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, Eenadu and India Today as well as the dabbawala of Mumbai, who deliver home-made food to lakhs of people in the city.[clarification needed]More than 3 million government employees and school and college students participated in the drive on the occasion.[31][32]

On 8 November 2014, Prime Minister carried the message to Uttar Pradesh and nominated another set of nine people for that state.[33][34]

On 5 January 2015, The minister in-charge nominated followed Telugu icons as brand ambassadors [35][36][when?][citation needed]

From later dates following were made part of the mission

Run and marathons[edit]

A Swachh Bharat Run, attended by 1,500 runners, was organized at the Rashtrapati Bhavan on 2 October 2014.[40][41]

Performance monitoring[edit]

Ongoing real-time monitoring[edit]

Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) Mobile app is being used by people and Government organisations for achieving the goals of Swachh Bharat Mission.[42] For this the government of India is bringing awareness to the people through advertisements.[43]

Swachh Sarvekshan annual cleanliness survey[edit]

Swachh Sarvekshan, commissioned by Ministry of Urban Development and carried out by Quality Council of India, is an extensive sanitation survey across several hundred cities to check the progress and impact of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and to foster a spirit of competition among the cities. The performance of each city is evaluated on five parameters:

  • Municipal solid waste, sweeping, collection and transportation
  • Municipal solid waste, processing and disposal of solid waste
  • Open defecation free/toilets
  • Capacity building and eLearning
  • Provision of public & community toilet seats
  • Information, education and communication, and behaviour change

2017 Swachh Sarvekshan survey[edit]

Swachh Sarvekshan 2017 was conducted across 500 cities between 4 January 2017 and 7 February 2017. The top 25 cities are:[44]

2016 Swachh Sarvekshan survey[edit]

The Swachh Sarvekshan-2016 ranks of 73 cities surveyed are:[45][46][47][48]

Cleanest ten cities:

Ten least clean cities (at the bottom of the list):

Outcomes[edit]

By May 2015, 71 Indian public sector undertakings and 14 companies supported the construction of 89,976.[49] Hundreds of thousands of Indian people were still employed as manual scavengers in emptying bucket toilets and pit latrines.[50][51][52]

In 2017, the national sanitation coverage rose to 65% from 38.7% on Oct 2, 2014 before the start of the campaign.[53] It was 80% in Feb 2018.[54] Eleven states, 314 districts and 3.25 lakh villages were declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) till 15 February 2018.

The cities and towns which have been declared ODF stood at 22 per cent and the urban wards which have achieved 100 per cent door-to-door solid waste collection stood at 50 per cent. The number of Swachhagrahi volunteers working across urban local bodies rose to 20,000, and those working in rural India rose to more than a lakh. The number of schools with separate toilet facilities for girls rose from 0.4 million (37 per cent) to almost one million (91 per cent).[53]

As per an independent survey released by Quality Council of India in August 2017, overall national rural "household access to toilet" coverage increased to 62.45 per cent and usage of 91.29 per cent, with Haryana topping the national ranking with 99 per cent of households in rural areas covered and usage of 100 per cent.[55]

.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abcd"MDWS Intensifies Efforts with States to Implement Swachh Bharat Mission", Business Standard, 18 March 2016  (press release)
  2. ^{http://sbm.gov.in/sbmcms/index.htm}{http://www.swachhbharaturban.in/sbm/home/#/SBM}
  3. ^"Swachh Bharat campaign should become mass movement: Narendra Modi". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  4. ^"PM reviews preparations for launch of Mission Swachh Bharat". Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  5. ^ ab"Swachh Bharat: PM Narendra Modi launches 'Clean India' mission". Zee News. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  6. ^"SWaCH". 
  7. ^ ab"Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan: Government builds 7.1 lakh toilets in January". timesofindia-economictimes. 
  8. ^ ab"India, World Bank sign $1.5 billion loan pact for Swachh Bharat Mission", The Economic Times, 30 March 2016 
  9. ^ ab"Budget 2016: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan gets Rs 9,000 crore", The Economic Times, 29 February 2016 
  10. ^ ab"Restructuring of the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan into Swachh Bharat Mission". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-06-12. 
  11. ^Poo2Loo to break open defecation taboo
  12. ^"Time to clean up your act", Hindustan Times 
  13. ^"Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan failed to achieve its desired targets: CAG jdjgjfi", Mint, 16 December 2015 
  14. ^"Salient Features of Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan". Biharprabha News. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  15. ^Patil, Sumeet; Arnold, Benjamin; Salvatore, Alicia; Briceno, Bertha; Ganguly, Sandipan; Colford Jr., John; Gertler, Paul (26 August 2014). "The Effect of India's Total Sanitation Campaign on Defecation Behaviors and Child Health in Rural Madhya Pradesh: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial". PLOS Medicine. 11: e1001709. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001709. PMC 4144850. PMID 25157929. 
  16. ^"An Open Letter in response to the World Development Report 2015". Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  17. ^IRC:India: Unrealistic approach hampers rural sanitation programmeArchived 5 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine., 1 June 2007
  18. ^Institute of Development Studies:Community-led total sanitation:India
  19. ^Benny George:Nirmal Gram Puraskar: A Unique Experiment in Incentivising Sanitation Coverage in Rural India, International Journal of Rural Studies (IJRS), Vol. 16, No. 1, April 2009
  20. ^"PM Modi's 'Swachh Bharat Abhiyan' set for mega launch Thursday; schools, offices gear up for event". Zee News. 
  21. ^"Modi government mobilises Rs 370 crore under Swachh Bharat Kosh", The Economic Times, 11 March 2016 
  22. ^"Swachh Bharat: CPWD begins lifting 'zero-value goods' from government offices and buildings", The Economic Times, 17 May 2016 
  23. ^"'Railway Budget Aligned to PM Modi's Vision for Digital India'", The New Indian Express, 5 March 2016 
  24. ^"When Swachh Bharat met Digital India: Now solar-powered trash cans to send alerts when full", The Economic Times, 18 March 2016 
  25. ^Swachch Bharat Swachch Vidhalaya
  26. ^Swachh Bharat-Swachh Vidyalaya Campaign
  27. ^"PM Modi's Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: Anil Ambani dedicates himself to the movement". 2 October 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  28. ^"PM launches Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan". 2 October 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  29. ^"Venkaiah Naidu picked up the broom to clean cyclone-hit port city of Visakhapatnam - indtoday.com - indtoday.com". indtoday.com. Archived from the original on 24 October 2014. 
  30. ^Naidu picked up the broom to clean cyclone-hit port city of Visakhapatnam
  31. ^"Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: PM Narendra Modi to wield broom to give India a new image". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  32. ^"Swachh Bharat campaign is beyond politics, PM Narendra Modi says". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  33. ^"PM India". Prime Minister's Office. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  34. ^"Press Information Bureau". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  35. ^"18 Telugu icons named ambassadors for Swachh Bharat". indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 2016-06-01. 
  36. ^"18 Telugu People as Swachh Bharat Ambassadors | 9 people each in AP and Telangana as Swachh Bharat Ambassadors". Andhra Pradesh Political News, Telugu Cinema News - APToday. 2015-01-05. Retrieved 2016-06-01. 
  37. ^ abadmin. "swachh bharat brand ambassador List". Telangana State Portal - Latest News Updates. 
  38. ^"Lakshmi Manchu Is Telangana Swachh Bharat's Brand Ambassador" MovieNewz.in, Retrieved 04.09.2015
  39. ^MCG announces Shekhar Gurera as official Brand AmbassadorUNI, Jan 30 2018.
  40. ^"Swachh Bharat Run organized at Rashtrapati Bhavan". The Times of India. 
  41. ^"Desi companies beat Facebook in 'Swachh' apps race". The Times of India. 
  42. ^"Digital India Week: Digital Locker, MyGov.in, and other projects that were unveiled", The Indian Express, 5 July 2015 
  43. ^"Swachh Bharat goes hi-tech, govt to track toilet use with iPads". The Hindu. 31 December 2014. 
  44. ^"State-wise assessment schedule - Swachh Sarvekshan 2017"(PDF). 10 Jan 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  45. ^[1]
  46. ^"Cleanliness ranking for 73 cities is out. Mysuru cleanest, Modi's Varanasi among dirtiest", India Today, 15 February 2016 
  47. ^"Chandigarh Declared Second Cleanest City of India in 2016 Swachh Bharat Survey", Chandigarh Metro 
  48. ^Nagaon topped 8th cleanest city in India 
  49. ^"Saffron Agenda for Green Capitalism? - Swarajya". Swarajya. 
  50. ^"Swachh Bharat Abhiyan should aim to stamp out manual scavenging". 
  51. ^Umesh IsalkarUmesh Isalkar, TNN (30 April 2013). "Census raises stink over manual scavenging". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 September 2015. 
  52. ^"Manual scavenging still a reality". The Hindu. 9 July 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015. 
  53. ^ ab"At The Half-way Mark", The Indian Express, 31 July 2017 
  54. ^Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Report Stats, 18 November 2016, archived from the original on 22 May 2016 
  55. ^"Kerala, Haryana top sanitation survey", The Hindu, 9 August 2017 

Monthly Magazine on Cleaning and Hygiene Technology: Clean India Journal

External links[edit]

Media related to Swachh Bharat Abhiyan at Wikimedia Commons

India's prime minister Modi at a rally to promote Swachh Bharat Mission in 2014
January 2018 : One from the series cartoon based displayed posters drawn by the Cartoonist Shekhar Gurera for MCG
A door-to-door garbage collection van in the city of Indore

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a cleanliness drive aimed to cover 4,041 statutory cities and towns all over India in order to clean the streets, roads and other infrastructure. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a cleanliness campaign run by the government of India and initiated by the Honourable Prime Minister, Narendra Modi. It is a most important topic which our kids and students must know and be aware of this mission. It is a general topic which students are generally given in their schools to write or say something on Swachh Bharat or Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. We have provided below some simply written essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in order to make your kids gets participated in the essay writing competition. You can select any Swachh Bharat Abhiyan essay given below:

Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 1 (100 words)

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is also called as the Clean India Mission or Clean India drive or Swachh Bharat Campaign. It is a national level campaign run by the Indian Government to cover all the backward statutory towns to make them clean. This campaign involves the construction of latrines, promoting sanitation programmes in the rural areas, cleaning streets, roads and changing the infrastructure of the country to lead the country ahead. This campaign was officially launched by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi on 145th birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi on 2nd of October in 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi.

 

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 2 (150 words)

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a Swachh Bharat mission led by the government of India to make India a clean India. This campaign was launched officially by the government of India on 145th birthday anniversary of the great person, Mahatma Gandhi on 2nd of October, 2014. It was launched at the Rajghat, New Delhi (cremation of Mahatma Gandhi). The government of India has aimed to make India a clean India by 2nd of October 2019 (means 150th birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi) through this campaign.

It is a politics free campaign and inspired by the patriotism. It is launched as a responsibility of the each and every Indian citizen to make this country a Swachh country. This campaign has initiated people globally towards the cleanliness. Teachers and students of the school are joining this “Clean India Campaign” very actively with great fervour and joy. Under this campaign, another cleanliness initiative has been started by the UP CM, Yogi Adityanath in March 2017. He has banned chewing paan, gutka and other tobacco products in the government offices all over UP.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 3 (200 words)

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a campaign launched by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi as a nationwide cleanliness campaign. It is implemented to fulfill the vision and mission of clean India a day. It was launched especially on the birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi as he was dreamed and very keen to make this country a clean country. He had tried for clean India in his time by motivating people through his campaigns and slogans however could not be true because of the partial involvement of the people of India.

But after years, Swachh Bharat Mission is again started by the government of India to make the dream of clean India come true in next five years till 150th birthday anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi. It was started in 2014 on 2nd of October on the 145th birth anniversary of the mahatma Gandhi. It is big challenge for all the citizens of India. It is only possible if each and every person living in India would understand this campaign their own responsibility and try to meet hands together to make it a successful mission. It is initiated and promoted by the famous Indian personalities to spread this mission as an awareness programme all through the India. In order to ensure cleanliness, UP CM, Yogi Adityanath, has banned chewing paan, gutka and other tobacco products in the offices all over UP in March 2017.


Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 4 (250 words)

Swachh Bharat Mission or Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a campaign run by the government of India as a massive mass movement to initiate the theme of cleanliness all through the India. This campaign was launched in seeking the way to create a Clean India target by 2019, 2nd of October means 150th birthday anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi. The father of nation, Mahatma Gandhi was dreamed to make India a clean India and always put his hard efforts towards swachhta in India. This is the reason, why Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched on 2nd of October (the birthday of the Mahatma Gandhi). To complete the vision of the father of the nation, Indian government has decided to launch this campaign. In March 2017, UP CM Yogi Adityanath has also banned chewing paan and gutka to ensure cleanliness in UP government offices.

The aim of the mission is to cover all the rural and urban areas of the country to present this country as an ideal country before the world. The mission has targeted aims like eliminating the open defecation, converting insanitary toilets into pour flush toilets, eradicating manual scavenging, complete disposal and reuse of solid and liquid wastes, bringing behavioural changes to people and motivate health practices, spreading cleanliness awareness among people, strengthening the cleanliness systems in the urban and rural areas as well as creating user friendly environment for all private sectors interested for investing in India for cleanliness maintenance.

This mission has an interesting theme of inviting nine new people by each and every involved people in the campaign and continuing this chain until the each and every citizen of India gets involved in this campaign.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 5 (300 words)

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a nationwide cleanliness campaign run by the government of India and initiated by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi on 2nd of October in 2014 on 145th birthday anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi. This campaign has been launched to fulfill the aim of cleanliness all over the India. The Prime Minister has requested the people of India to involve in the Swachh Bharat Mission and promote others to do the same for leading our country as a best and clean country of the world. This campaign was first initiated by the Narendra Modi himself by cleaning the road on the way going to launch the campaign.

The campaign of Swachh Bharat is a biggest ever cleanliness drive of the India during the launch of which around 3 million government employees and students from schools and colleges were participated. On the day of launch, Prime Minister has nominated the names of nine personalities of India to initiate the campaign in their own areas and own decided dates as well as promote the campaign to common public. He also had requested to all nine personalities to invite other nine people from their own end individually to participate in this event as well as continue this chain of inviting nine people until the message reach to each and every Indian people.

He also requested that every Indian should take this campaign as a challenge and try his/her best to make this campaign a successful campaign ever. The chain of nine people is like a branching of the tree. He requested common people to involve in this event and upload the video or images of cleanliness over internet on the various social media websites like Facebook, Twitter, etc so that other people may get promoted and motivated to do the same in their own area. In this way India can be a clean country.

In the continuation of this mission, in March 2017, UP CM Yogi Adityanath has banned chewing paan, gutka and other tobacco products all over UP to ensure cleanliness in the government official buildings.


 

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 6 (400 words)

The father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi had said that, “Sanitation is more important than Independence” during his time before the independence of India. He was well aware of the bad and unclean situation of the India. He had emphasized the people of India a lot about the cleanliness and sanitation as well as its implementation in the daily lives. However, it was not so effective and failed because of the incomplete participation of people. After many years of independence of India, a most effective campaign of cleanliness is launched to call people for their active participation and complete the mission of cleanliness.

The President of India, Pranab Mukherjee has said in June 2014 while addressing the Parliament that, “For ensuring hygiene, waste management and sanitation across the nation a Swachh Bharat Mission will be launched. This will be our tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary to be celebrated in the year 2019”. In order to fulfill the vision of Mahatma Gandhi and make India an ideal country all over the world, the Prime Minister of India has initiated a campaign called Swachh Bharat Abhiyan on the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi (2nd of October 2014). This campaign has the target of completion of mission till 2019 means 150th birthday anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi.

Through this campaign the government of India would solve the sanitation problems by enhancing the waste management techniques. Clean India movement is completely associated with the economic strength of the country. The birth date of the Mahatma Gandhi is targeted in both, the launch and completion of the mission. The basic goals behind launching the Swachh Bharat Mission are to make the country full of sanitation facilities as well as eliminate all the unhealthy practices of people in daily routines. The first cleanliness drive in India was started on 25th of September in 2014 and first initiated by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi by cleaning the road.

The completion of this mission would indirectly draw the attention of business investors in India, enhance the GDP growth, draw tourists attention from all over the world, bring variety of sources of employment, reduce health costs, reduce death rate, and reduce lethal disease rate and many more. Clean India would bring more tourists and enhance its economical condition. The Prime Minister of India has requested to every Indian to devote their 100 hours per year for the cleanliness in India which is very sufficient to make this country a clean country by 2019. Swachh Bharat cess is also started to get some fund for this campaign. Everyone has to pay extra .5% tax (50 paise per 100 rupee) on all the services in India.

UP CM Yogi Adityanath has also started a cleanliness drive in 2017 in Uttar Pradesh to ensure cleanliness in the official buildings. According to this, he has banned eating paan, gutka and other tobacco products in the government offices.


 

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 7 (500 words)

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a Clean India drive and Mission launched as a national campaign by the Indian Government in order to covering the 4041 statutory towns aiming maintained cleanliness of streets, roads and infrastructure of the country. Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi has officially launched this mission on 2nd of October (the birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi) in 2014 at the Rajghat, New Delhi (cremation of Bapu). While launching the event Prime Minister himself had cleaned the road. It is the biggest cleanliness drive ever in India when approximately 3 million government employees including students from schools and colleges took part in the cleanliness activities.

On the day of launch of the event PM himself has nominated the name of nine people to participate in the cleanliness drive in their own areas. Schools and colleges have participated in the event by organizing many cleanliness activities according to their own themes. Students of India participated in this event. PM had also requested to all those nine nominees to call another nine people separately to participate in this cleanliness drive as well as continue the chain of calling nine people by each and every participated candidate of the mission until the message reach to the every Indian in every corner of the country to make it a national mission.

This mission aimed to join each and every Indian people from all walks of life by making the structure of branching of a tree. Swachh Bharat mission aimed to construct individual sanitary latrines for household purposes for the people living under poverty line, converting dry latrines into low-cost sanitary latrines, provide facility of hand pumping, safe and secure bathing, set up sanitary marts, construct drains, disposal of solid and liquid wastes, enhance health and education awareness, provide household and environmental sanitation facilities and many more.

Earlier many awareness programmes (such as Total Sanitation Campaign, Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan, etc) about the environmental sanitation and personal cleanliness were launched by the Indian government however could not be so effective to make India a clean India. The main objectives of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan are removing the trend of open defecation, changing insanitary toilets into pour flush toilets, removal of manual scavenging, proper disposal of solid and liquid wastes, bring behavioral changes among people, enhance awareness about sanitation, facilitating the participation of private sectors towards cleanliness facilities.

First nine nominated people by the PM of this abhiyan are Salman Khan, Anil Ambani, Kamal Hassan, comedian Kapil Sharma, Priyanka Chopra, Baba Ramdev, Sachin Tendulkar, Shashi Tharoor and team of Taarak Mehta Ka Ooltah Chashmah (a most famous TV series). Indian film actor Aamir Khan was invited to come on the date of launching of the mission. There are various brand ambassadors who have been chosen by the PM to initiate and promote the abhiyan of Swachh Bharat in various fields. He had also nominated some other people (Akhilesh Yadav, Swami Rambhadracharya, Mohammad Kaif, Manoj Tiwari, Deviprasad Dwivedi, Manu Sharma, Kailash Kher, Raju Srivastava, Suresh Raina) on 8th of November in 2014 and (Sourav Ganguly, Kiran Bedi, Padmanabha Acharya, Sonal Mansingh, Ramoji Rao, etc) on 25th of December in 2014.

To ensure cleanliness in the official buildings of UP, chewing paan, gutka and other tobacco products has been banned by the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh.

Other programmes like Swachh Bharat Run, Swachh Bharat apps, Real-time monitoring system, Swachh Bharat short film, Swachh Bharat Nepal – Swasth Bharat Nepal Abhiyan and so many has been initiated and implemented to actively support the purpose of the mission. In order to continue and make this campaign successful, Finance Ministry of India has started a programme named Swachh Bharat cess. According to this, everyone has to pay .5% more service tax on all the services in India (50 paise per 100 rupees) which will go to this cleanliness campaign.


 

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 8 (1400 words – Long Essay)

Introduction

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is started by the government to make India a completely clean India. Clean India was a dream seen by the Mahatma Gandhi regarding which he said that, “Sanitation is more important than Independence”. During his time he was well aware of the poor and dirty condition of the country that’s why he made various efforts to complete his dream however could not be successful. As he dreamt of clean India a day, he said that both cleanliness and sanitation are integral parts of healthy and peaceful living. Unfortunately, India became lack of cleanliness and sanitation even after 67 years of independence. According to the statistics, it has seen that only few percentage of total population have access to the toilets. It is a programme run by the government to seriously work to fulfill the vision of Father of Nation (Bapu) by calling the people from all walks of life to make it successful globally.

This mission has to be completed by 150th birth anniversary of Bapu (2nd October of 2019) in next five years (from the launch date). It is urged by the government to people to spend their only 100 hours of the year towards cleanliness in their surrounding areas or other places of India to really make it a successful campaign. There are various implementation policies and mechanisms for the programme including three important phases such as planning phase, implementation phase and sustainability phase.

What is Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a national cleanliness campaign established by the Government of India. This campaign is covering 4041 statutory towns in order to clean roads, streets, and infrastructure of the India. It is a mass movement has run to create a Clean India by 2019. It is a step ahead to the Mahatma Gandhi’s dream of swachh Bharat for healthy and prosperous life. This mission was launched on 2nd of October 2014 (145th birth anniversary of Bapu) by targeting its completeness in 2019 on 150th birth anniversary of Bapu. The mission has been implemented to cover all the rural and urban areas of the India under the Ministry of Urban Development and the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation accordingly.

The first cleanliness drive (on 25th of September 2014) of this mission was started by the Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi earlier to its launch. This mission has targeted to solve the sanitation problems as well as better waste management all over the India by creating sanitation facilities to all.

Need of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Swachh Bharat mission is very necessary to run continuously in India until it gets its goal. It is very essential for the people in India to really get the feeling of physical, mental, social and intellectual well being. It is to make living status advance in India in real means which can be started by bringing all over cleanliness. Below I have mentioned some points proving the urgent need of swachh bharat abhiyan in India:

  • It is really very essential to eliminate the open defecation in India as well as making available toilets facility to everyone.
  • It is needed in India to convert the insanitary toilets into flushing toilets.
  • It is necessary in order to eradicate the manual scavenging system.
  • It is to implement the proper waste management through the scientific processes, hygienic disposal, reuse, and recycling of the municipal solid wastes.
  • It is to bring behavioral changes among Indian people regarding maintenance of personal hygiene and practice of healthy sanitation methods.
  • It is to create global awareness among common public living in rural areas and link it to the public health.
  • It is to support working bodies to design, execute and operate the waste disposal systems locally.
  • It is to bring private-sector participation to develop sanitary facilities all through the India.
  • It is to make India a clean and green India.
  • It is necessary to improve the quality of life of people in rural areas.
  • It is to bring sustainable sanitation practices by motivating communities and Panchayati Raj Institutions through the awareness programmes like health education.
  • It is to bring the dream of Bapu to really come true.

Swachh Bharat Mission in Urban Areas

The swachh bharat mission of urban areas aims to cover almost 1.04 crore households in order to provide them 2.6 lakhs of public toilets, 2.5 lakhs of community toilets together with the solid wastes management in every town. Community toilets have been planned to be built in the residential areas where availability of individual household toilets is difficult and public toilets at designated locations including bus stations, tourist places, railway stations, markets, etc. Cleanliness programme in the urban areas (around 4,401 towns) have been planned to be completed over five years till 2019. The costs of programmes are set like Rs 7,366 crore on solid waste management, Rs 1,828 crore on public awareness, Rs 655 crore on community toilets, Rs 4,165 crore on individual household toilets, etc. Programmes which have been targeted to be completed are complete removal of open defecation, converting unsanitary toilets into flush toilets, eradicating manual scavenging, bring behavioral changes among public, and solid waste management.

Gramin Swachh Bharat Mission

Gramin swachh bharat mission is a mission implementing cleanliness programmes in the rural areas. Earlier the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (also called Total Sanitation campaign, TSC) was established by the Government of India in 1999 to make rural areas clean however now it has been restructured into the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin). This campaign is aimed to make rural areas free of open defecation till 2019 for which the cost has been estimated is one lakh thirty four thousand crore rupees for constructing approximately 11 crore 11 lakh toilets in the country. There is a big plan of converting waste into bio-fertilizer and useful energy forms. This mission involves the participation of gram panchayat, panchayat samiti and Zila Parishad. Following are the objectives of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin):

  • To improve quality of life of people living in the rural areas.
  • Motivate people to maintain sanitation in rural areas to complete the vision of Swachh Bharat by 2019.
  • To motivate local working bodies (such as communities, Panchayati Raj Institutions, etc) to make available the required sustainable sanitation facilities.
  • Develop advance environmental sanitation systems manageable by the community especially to focus on solid and liquid waste management in the rural areas.
  • To promote ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation in the rural areas.

Swachh Bharat-Swachh Vidyalaya Campaign

The swachh bharat swachh vidyalaya campaign runs by the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development having same objectives of cleanliness in the schools. A big programme was organized under it from 25th of September 2014 to 31st of October 2014 in the Kendriya Vidyalayas and Navodaya Vidyalya Sangathans where lots of cleanliness activities were held such as discussion over various cleanliness aspects in the school assembly by the students, teachings of Mahatma Gandhi related to cleanliness, cleanliness and hygiene topics, cleaning activities (in the class rooms, libraries, laboratories, kitchen sheds stores, playgrounds, gardens, toilets, pantry areas, etc), cleaning of statue in the school area, speech over the contribution of great people, essay writing competition, debates, art, painting, film, shows, role plays related to hygiene including other many activities on cleanliness and hygiene. It has also been planned to held half an hour cleaning campaign in the schools twice a week involving the cleanliness activities by the teachers, students, parents and community members.

Swachh Bharat cess: Swachh Bharat cess is an improvement in the service tax by .5% on all the services in India. It was started by the Finance Ministry to collect some fund from each and every Indian citizen for the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in order to make it a successful campaign. Everyone has to pay extra 50 paise for each 100 rupees as service tax for this cleanliness campaign.

Another Cleanliness Initiative in Uttar Pradesh

Yogi Adityanath (Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh), in March 2017, has banned chewing paan, paan masala, gutka and other tobacco products (especially in the duty hours) in the government offices to ensure cleanliness. He started this initiative after his first visit to the secretariat annexe building when he saw betel-juice stained walls and corners in that building.

Conclusion

We can say swachh bharat abhiyan, a nice welcome step to the clean and green India till 2019. As we all heard about the most famous proverb that “Cleanliness is Next to Godliness”, we can say surely that clean India campaign (swachh bharat abhiyan) will really bring godliness all over the country in few years if it is followed by the people of India in effective manner. So, the cleanliness activities to warm welcome the godliness have been started but do not need to be ended if we really want godliness in our lives forever. A healthy country and a healthy society need its citizens to be healthy and clean in every walk of life.

 

 

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