Explanatory Essay Organization

Four types of essay: expository, persuasive, analytical, argumentative

For our academic writing purposes we will focus on four types of essay. 

1) The expository essay

 

What is it?
This is a writer’s explanation of a short theme, idea or issue.

The key here is that you are explaining an issue, theme or idea to your intended audience. Your reaction to a work of literature could be in the form of an expository essay, for example if you decide to simply explain your personal response to a work. The expository essay can also be used to give a personal response to a world event, political debate, football game, work of art and so on.

What are its most important qualities?
You want to get and, of course, keep your reader’s attention. So, you should:

  • Have a well defined thesis. Start with a thesis statement/research question/statement of intent. Make sure you answer your question or do what you say you set out to do. Do not wander from your topic. 
  • Provide evidence to back up what you are saying. Support your arguments with facts and reasoning. Do not simply list facts, incorporate these as examples supporting your position, but at the same time make your point as succinctly as possible. 
  • The essay should be concise. Make your point and conclude your essay. Don’t make the mistake of believing that repetition and over-stating your case will score points with your readers.

 

2) The persuasive essay


What is it?
This is the type of essay where you try to convince the reader to adopt your position on an issue or point of view.

Here your rationale, your argument, is most important. You are presenting an opinion and trying to persuade readers, you want to win readers over to your point of view.

What are its most important qualities?

  • Have a definite point of view. 
  • Maintain the reader’s interest. 
  • Use sound reasoning. 
  • Use solid evidence. 
  • Be aware of your intended audience. How can you win them over? 
  • Research your topic so your evidence is convincing. 
  • Don’t get so sentimental or so passionate that you lose the reader, as Irish poet W. B. Yeats put it: 
    The best lack all conviction, while the worst
    Are full of passionate intensity
  • Your purpose is to convince someone else so don’t overdo your language and don’t bore the reader. And don’t keep repeating your points! 

  • Remember the rules of the good paragraph. One single topic per paragraph, and natural progression from one to the next. 
  • End with a strong conclusion. 

 

3) The analytical essay


What is it?
In this type of essay you analyze, examine and interpret such things as an event, book, poem, play or other work of art. 

What are its most important qualities?
Your analytical essay should have an:

  • Introduction and presentation of argument 
    The introductory paragraph is used to tell the reader what text or texts you will be discussing. Every literary work raises at least one major issue. In your introduction you will also define the idea or issue of the text that you wish to examine in your analysis. This is sometimes called the thesis or research question. It is important that you narrow the focus of your essay.
  • Analysis of the text (the longest part of the essay) 
    The issue you have chosen to analyze is connected to your argument. After stating the problem, present your argument. When you start analyzing the text, pay attention to the stylistic devices (the “hows” of the text) the author uses to convey some specific meaning. You must decide if the author accomplishes his goal of conveying his ideas to the reader. Do not forget to support your assumptions with examples and reasonable judgment.
  • Personal response
    Your personal response will show a deeper understanding of the text and by forming a personal meaning about the text you will get more out of it. Do not make the mistake of thinking that you only have to have a positive response to a text. If a writer is trying to convince you of something but fails to do so, in your opinion, your critical personal response can be very enlightening. The key word here is critical. Base any objections on the text and use evidence from the text. Personal response should be in evidence throughout the essay, not tacked on at the end. 
  • Conclusion (related to the analysis and the argument)
    Your conclusion should explain the relation between the analyzed text and the presented argument.

Tips for writing analytical essays:

  • Be well organized. Plan what you want to write before you start. It is a good idea to know exactly what your conclusion is going to be before you start to write. When you know where you are going, you tend to get there in a well organized way with logical progression.
  • Analytical essays normally use the present tense. When talking about a text, write about it in the present tense. 
  • Be “objective”: avoid using the first person too much. For example, instead of saying “I think Louisa is imaginative because…”, try: “It appears that Louisa has a vivid imagination, because…”. 
  • Do not use slang or colloquial language (the language of informal speech). 
  • Do not use contractions. 
  • Avoid using “etc.” This is an expression that is generally used by writers who have nothing more to say. 
  • Create an original title, do not use the title of the text. 
  • Analysis does not mean retelling the story. Many students fall into the trap of telling the reader what is happening in the text instead of analyzing it. Analysis aims to explain how the writer makes us see what he or she wants us to see, the effect of the writing techniques, the text’s themes and your personal response to these.

 

4) The argumentative essay


What is it?
This is the type of essay where you prove that your opinion, theory or hypothesis about an issue is correct or more truthful than those of others. In short, it is very similar to the persuasive essay (see above), but the difference is that you are arguing for your opinion as opposed to others, rather than directly trying to persuade someone to adopt your point of view.


What are its most important qualities?

  • The argument should be focused
  • The argument should be a clear statement (a question cannot be an argument)
  • It should be a topic that you can support with solid evidence
  • The argumentative essay should be based on pros and cons (see below)
  • Structure your approach well (see below)
  • Use good transition words/phrases (see below)
  • Be aware of your intended audience. How can you win them over?
  • Research your topic so your evidence is convincing.
  • Don’t overdo your language and don’t bore the reader. And don’t keep repeating your points!
  • Remember the rules of the good paragraph. One single topic per paragraph, and natural progression from one to the next.
  • End with a strong conclusion.

 

Tips for writing argumentative essays:
1) Make a list of the pros and cons in your plan before you start writing. Choose the most important that support your argument (the pros) and the most important to refute (the cons) and focus on them.

2) The argumentative essay has three approaches. Choose the one that you find most effective for your argument. Do you find it better to “sell” your argument first and then present the counter arguments and refute them? Or do you prefer to save the best for last?

  • Approach 1:
    Thesis statement (main argument):
    Pro idea 1
    Pro idea 2
    Con(s) + Refutation(s): these are the opinions of others that you disagree with. You must clearly specify these opinions if you are to refute them convincingly.
    Conclusion
  • Approach 2:
    Thesis statement:
    Con(s) + Refutation(s)
    Pro idea 1
    Pro idea 2
    Conclusion
  • Approach 3
    Thesis statement:
    Con idea 1 and the your refutation
    Con idea 2 and the your refutation
    Con idea 3 and the your refutation
    Conclusion

3) Use good transition words when moving between arguments and most importantly when moving from pros to cons and vice versa. For example:

  • While I have shown that.... other may say
  • Opponents of this idea claim / maintain that …            
  • Those who disagree claim that …
  • While some people may disagree with this idea...

When you want to refute or counter the cons you may start with:

  • However,
  • Nonetheless,
  • but
  • On the other hand,
  • This claim notwithstanding

If you want to mark your total disagreement:

  • After seeing this evidence, it is impossible to agree with what they say
  • Their argument is irrelevant
  • Contrary to what they might think ...

These are just a few suggestions. You can, of course, come up with many good transitions of your own.

4) Use facts, statistics, quotes and examples to convince your readers of your argument
 

 

Whether you are a student in high school or college, there is a 100% chance that you will have to write some sort of informative essay during your educational years. Your teacher may either assign you a topic or allow you to choose one for yourself. Depending on the length and requirements for the paper, your topic options will narrow down. A lot of the times, students will end up receiving a subject that they are completely clueless about and thus have really no starting point to build off. Do not worry, EssayPro is here to teach our students everything they need to know about crafting an informative essay!


Table Of Contents


What Is An Informative Essay?

Believe it or not, as a student you have written this sort of an essay before! To understand the concept of this paper, you must understand its definition. An informative essay is a piece of writing that aims to educate an audience about a certain topic. This is NOT an essay that is persuasive or argumentative, and the end goal is to make sure that the audience has learned new and interesting information. Generally speaking, this type of essay will compare controversial viewpoints about a certain topic.


This Type of Essay is similar to an Expository Essay

This essay family contains the:

Informative Essay Topics

If the topic is not assigned, you will need to choose your own topic. You might probably stuck on this step if you have a wide range to choose from. Take your time and keep these pieces of advice in mind to select the most appropriate topic.

  • Make sure that your topic is not too broad and not too narrow. You need to have enough information about your subject to write about, but not so much to make your essay a novel.

  • The topic should be attractive and interesting to your audience. Think ahead about who might be reading your paper. Of course, if it was assigned for your class, the teacher will be your main audience.

  • The best option is to choose the topic that interests you. It will make the writing process much more pleasant and will let you express your enthusiasm fully.

Sometimes, teachers and professors will require presentations or speeches to come along with the written essay. This is why it is smart to pick a topic that is interesting enough to a wide audience (something people can relate to) and can be explained clearly through speech. Here are some examples!

  • The origin of language.
  • The origin of the universe!
  • How to maximize financial efficiency!
  • Why do people procrastinate?
  • What causes addiction?
  • Evolution of human rights
  • Legalization of Marijuana
  • Nanotechnology
  • Why do we dream?
  • How do 3D-glasses work?

Steps to Take Pre-Writing

Before you sit down in front of your computer screen and start typing away, there are some necessary steps to make and items to prepare before hand. Having a set plan allows you to organize information effectively, and this greatly speeds up the entire essay writing process.

  • Brainstorm Ideas: Unless specifically given subject instructions by the coordinator, students are usually given freedom in choosing the topic of their essay. Depending on the importance of the class or your enthusiasm towards crafting this work, a topic should be chosen accordingly. You may choose a topic that you are already well-rounded in, however, this will make the process swift and boring. Ambitious students should choose a topic that they have limited knowledge about. Doing this will increase their general knowledge as well as challenge the students in regards to analyzing new information. Regardless of what type of topic you choose, brainstorming ideas and creating a general outline of your essay will help you organize your thoughts, logically allowing you to pick the most suitable topic.

  • Choosing a Topic: After narrowing down your options, it has finally come time to choose the most appropriate topic. Remember, the Find a happy medium which will allow you to fully answer the informative question. This will prevent you from worrying about the fact that you may need more content or that not everything you wanted to express got down on paper!

  • Crank Out Some Informative Research: Gather information about your topic. Use various sources including primary and secondary ones! Primary sources are physical pieces of evidence relating to the topic at hand. For example, if you are talking about the Evolution Of Human Rights, a primary source could be a speech written by Martin Luther King Jr! Secondary sources are articles and papers written based on that topic. For example, if the topic is about addiction, a secondary source would be Bruce K. Alexander’s Rat Park Study!

  • Use a variety of sources, and validate their reliability: Using sites like Wikipedia is generally frowned upon, however checking out the links used at the bottom of every wiki page is an effective way to get sources quickly! Provide different types of sources to make your informative essay well-rounded!

Informative Essay Outline

As a writer, you may be wondering: “If I hire someone to write my essay for me, will they know how to structure my informative essay?” This is definitely a good question to ask and an idea to consider if you have decided upon this path. If the writer presents you with something similar to what is shown here, then you are in good hands!

The informative essay is written in the standard essay style. Usually speaking, it will consist of an Introduction, 3 Body Paragraphs, and a Conclusion. The introduction serves to present the main argument in an exciting and interesting manner. The 3 Bodies will be mainly used to support the thesis created in the intro. The conclusion will wrap up the information and present its significance in the real world!

Introduction

The intro should start out with a flashy hook statement that grabs the reader's attention. This sentence should be relevant to the topic, so using an informative rhetorical question would be a good example.

Afterward, reveal any background context that will be necessary for the reader to understand while reading through the essay. These sentences should pay the way for an excellent thesis statement.

The last sentence of the introduction should be a well formed and coherent thesis statement. Since this is the sentence that the entire informative essay is based around, make sure that you have constructed it properly. In other words,

Body Paragraphs

The purpose of this section of the essay is to defend the thesis statement, so the content in these paragraphs must be tip-top. Create a smooth transition from your intro by creating a topic sentence that links the thesis to your first main point. (A smooth transition should also be created for the second and third body paragraph!)

With each body paragraph, there must be a target point and a supporting detail. A target point is the part of the thesis that you are aiming to prove. The supporting detail is the outside validation that enriches your statement.

After introducing your topic sentence, it is time to follow the CCE format to craft the most important part of the essay. This is your main argument of the body paragraph. Since the quality of the essay is dependent upon how well the thesis is defended, make sure that your 3 claims are strong.

After defining your claim, you must introduce the evidence. This is your physical proof that validates your claim. Usually, in informative writing, this will be a quote from some sort of Without this, your informative essay will hold no value. It would basically be the same as accepting opinion as fact.

To conclude the CCE process, the writer must present an explanation of his claim. In other words, they need to display how this claim proves their thesis statement as fact. This is absolutely necessary and should be explained coherently. If eager to gain extra validation points, the writer can go into more depth about how the evidence backs up the claim. However, if this can be inferred without the need of extra information, then that would be ideal.

To conclude a body paragraph, a sentence should be created that gives a general synopsis of the argument presented. The main purpose of this sentence is to display assertiveness; in other words, display that your opinion is the right one! This gives your entire essay more strength and makes your argument/thesis look sharp!

Conclusion

After portraying your three main arguments, it is time to wrap up your essay.

The conclusion of an essay restates the thesis statement and offers final thoughts and insights on the topic. Explain it in different words and provide room for a smooth transition.

This “room” is necessary because you will now need to briefly restate the impact of each one of your arguments. If done correctly, the restatement and then the brief argument relay should mix well with each other!

In order to effectively finish the essay, one must come up with an overall concluding statement. This statement should serve as an explanation for the significance of your argument. In other words, explain why the informative writing you just crafted has value and where this information can be applied. This gives the work “real-world” value!

Post-Writing To Do List

Vocabulary: After rereading the draft, make sure that you are satisfied with the language you have used. If the words were not crafty enough or phrases could have been stated in a smoother manner, then edit accordingly.

Grammar: Nothing aggravates teachers more than having to pause their reading to fix grammar mistakes. It shows carelessness and a lack of proper editing. Use websites like GrammarCheck to make sure that there are no issues with punctuation, spelling, etc.

Coherency: From a writer's perspective, this is the most important textbox to have checked. Using language that can be easily understood as well as proper transitional skills is an awesome way to keep your paper moving smoothly.

If you were to imagine your paper as a road, then a coherent paper would be a straightforward and clean path. An incoherent essay would be one with bumps on the road and unexpected sharp turns!

Peer Editing: Having a second pair of eyes to read through your paper is a surefire way of validating your work. If the essay sounds fluent and makes sense to another brain, then you are increasing the odds of it sounding great to the teacher. If your peer has any tips or recommended some amendments, consider their advice! Here at EssayPro, you can speak to a professional essay writer that knows useful tactics that will put a smile on the professor's face!

The final touch: As you have edited your final draft, your next step will be transforming it into a full-fledged essay. Give your final draft one more read-through. Read it aloud and fix small mistakes your eye might not catch.

Examples

Essay Writing Advice From Our Professional Team

Prof. Essie, from EssayPro

An informative essay is the best way to explain a complicated idea. When you write one of these essays, most of the writing process comes before you write the essay itself. My advice is to spend the most of your writing time on research. (To inform someone on how to do something, you first need to know to do it). The first step to anything, of course, is to choose a topic. Gather all the details on that subject by doing a thorough investigation. List of the important facts and main steps of your paper. Make sure your sources and facts are reliable and accurate. In your outline, write a topic sentence for each fact. After doing all of these steps, you can structure the thesis statement. That's right! Don’t start your essay by writing a thesis statement. Make sure you wholesomely understand your topic before you introduce it. After this organizational process, you can draft your essay and edit it. Good luck!

Read the Article and Still Have Questions?

Informative essays tend to be difficult assignments for students as sometimes explaining certain concepts takes a lot more critical thinking than expected. This causes students to submit low-quality work and receive poor grades for their efforts. To alleviate this problem, we here at EssayPro, the best custom essay writing service on the web, have hired qualified writers to create high-level content for very fair prices. Our writers are college graduates with various degrees who have dealt with the struggle of college essay writing. They have learned all of the tricks and tactics to astonish college professors and will guarantee the swift delivery of a custom informative essay! Hire online essay writer!

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